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|Title:||Association between Intra-Arrest Blood Glucose Level and Outcomes of Resuscitation at the Emergency Department: A Retrospective Study|
|Abstract:||Since current cardiac arrest guidelines do not address the benefit of blood glucose mea-surement, the ideal ranges and target of blood glucose (BG) levels during cardiac arrest to achieve a better result are warranted. We intended to investigate the associations between intra-arrest BG levels and outcomes of cardiac arrest resuscitation at the emergency department (ED). We conducted a retrospective observational study at a single university hospital. Cardiac arrest patients at the ED between 2017 and 2020 were included. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the associations between intra-arrest BG levels and clinical outcomes. We categorized intra-arrest BG into five groups: <70 mg/dL, 70–99 mg/dL, 100–180 mg/dL, 181–250 mg/dL, and >250 mg/dL. Eight hundred and nineteen patients experienced ED cardiac arrest during the study period. Of all, 385 intra-arrest BG measurements were included in the data analysis. The mean age was 60.4 years. The mean intra-arrest BG level was 171.1 mg/dL, with 64 (16.6%) patients who had intra-arrest BG level below 70 mg/dL and 73 (19.0%) patients who had intra-arrest BG level more than 250 mg/dL. Markedly low (<70 mg/dL) and low (70–99 mg/dL) intra-arrest BG levels were significantly associated with a lower chance of return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC, OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.14–0.99, p = 0.05 and OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.12–0.93, p = 0.04, respectively). For patients who experienced cardiac arrest at the ED, an intra-arrest BG level of less than 100 was inversely correlated with sustained ROSC. Although we could not draw a causal relationship between vari-ables concerning this study design, normalizing intra-arrest BG was shown to result in good clinical outcomes.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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