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|Title:||Adjunctive Topical Tranexamic Acid for Blood Salvage Does Not Reduce Postoperative Blood Loss Compared with Placebo in Patients Who Undergo Palliative Decompressive Spinal Metastasis Surgery A Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Abstract:||Study Design. Randomized controlled trial. Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of adjunctive topical tranexamic acid (tTXA) in reducing postoperative blood loss and packed red cell (PRC) transfusion in patients who underwent palliative decompressive spinal metastasis surgery for malignant epidural spinal cord compression. Summary of Background Data. Palliative decompressive spinal metastasis surgery is associated with massive postoperative blood loss and increased transfusion rate. tTXA reduces blood loss in traumatic or degenerative spinal surgery; however, the role of topical TXA in decompressive spinal metastasis surgery remains controversial. Method. A total of 65 patients who underwent palliative decompressive thoracolumbar spinal metastasis surgery were included in this study. In 33 patients, 1g of tTXA (20mL) was soaked in an absorbable gelatin sponge and placed lateral to the decompressive site. The remaining 32 patients in the control group received the same procedures with normal saline at the same volume, instead of TXA. All of the patients received standard 1 g intravenous TXA, just before initiating the operation. The primary outcome was postoperative blood loss, and the secondary outcomes were postoperative PRC transfusion and complications. Results. No differences were found in postoperative blood loss between tTXA and placebo group (P50 778 mL [IQR 347, 1,122 mL] versus P50 490 mL [IQR 295, 920 mL]; P = 0.238). The number of patients requiring postoperative PRC transfusion were quite similar in tTXA and placebo groups (PRC transfusion in 15 patients [45.45%] versus 16 patients [50%]; P = 0.585). No complications related to TXA and absorbable gelatin sponge were observed. Conclusion. We do not recommend tTXA as an adjunctive treatment for patients undergoing decompressive spinal metastasis surgery since it does not provide additional benefit to prophylactic intravenous TXA in postoperative blood loss and transfusion rate.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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