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|Title:||Comparing methods of adenosine administration in paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia: a pilot randomized controlled trial|
|Abstract:||Background: Intravenous adenosine is the recommended treatment for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). There is no official recommended method of giving adenosine. We compared the success rates between a standard and alternative method of first dose intravenous adenosine in PSVT. Methods: A pilot parallel randomized controlled study was conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital. Eligible patients were stable PSVT adult patients. We used block randomization and divided them into two groups, the standard method (double syringe technique of 6 mg of adenosine), and the alternative method (similar to the standard method, then immediately followed by elevating the arm to 90° perpendicular to a horizontal plane for 10 s). The primary outcome was the success rate of electrocardiogram (ECG) response which demonstrated termination of PSVT (at least two-fold of the RR-interval widening or sinus rhythm conversion). Secondary outcomes were complications within one minute after the injection. Results: We allocated 15 patients in each group and analyzed them as intention-to-treat. The success rate was 86.7% in the alternative group and 80% in the standard group (risk difference 6.7%, 95% confidence interval − 19.9 to 33.2%, P 1.00). Complications within one minute after adenosine injection were also similar in both groups, 14 of 15 patients (93%) in each group had no complications, without significant difference. Conclusions: No evidence of the difference between alternative and standard methods occurred, in terms of the success rate of ECG response and complications within one minute after adenosine injection. The standard method of adenosine injection is a safe, easy-to-administer, and widely available treatment for PSVT. Trial Registration: TCTR20200609001.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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