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dc.contributor.authorRujipas Yongsawasen_US
dc.contributor.authorAngkana Intaen_US
dc.contributor.authorJatupol Kampuansaien_US
dc.contributor.authorHataichanok Pandithen_US
dc.contributor.authorNakarin Suwannarachen_US
dc.contributor.authorSaisamorn Lamyongen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanuwan Chantawannakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorThararat Chitoven_US
dc.contributor.authorTerd Disayathanoowaten_US
dc.description.abstractThe Lanna region, the main part of northern Thailand, is a place of ethnic diversity. In this study, we investigated phak-gard-dong (PGD), or pickled mustard green (Brassica juncea L. Czern.), for its beneficial bacteria content and to analyse the variations in bacterial compositions among the PGD of three different ethnolinguistic groups, the Karen, Lawa, and Shan. DNA was extracted from the PGD pickled brine, and 16S rRNA gene Illumina sequencing was performed. Metagenomic data were analysed and the results demonstrated that the dominant bacterial species were Weissella (54.2%, 65.0%, and 10.0%) and Lactobacillus (17.5%, 5.6%, and 79.1%) in the PGD of the Karen, Lawa, and Shan, respectively. Pediococcus was found only in the PGD of the Karen and Shan. Bacterial communities in PGD of the Lawa were distinctive from the other ethnic groups, both in the alpha and beta diversity, as well as the predicted functions of the bacterial communities. In addition, overall network analysis results were correlated to bacterial proportions in every ethnic PGD. We suggest that all ethnic PGDs have the potential to be a good source of beneficial bacteria, warranting its conservation and further development into health food products.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleBacterial Communities in Lanna Phak-Gard-Dong (Pickled Mustard Green) from Three Different Ethnolinguistic Groups in Northern Thailanden_US
article.volume11en_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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