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dc.contributor.authorAniroot Nuangmeken_US
dc.contributor.authorSuvichai Rojanasthienen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanuwat Yamsakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorPakpoom Tadeeen_US
dc.contributor.authorVisanu Thamlikitkulen_US
dc.contributor.authorNatthasit Tansakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorManat Suwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorTeerarat Prasertseeen_US
dc.contributor.authorSuwit Chotinunen_US
dc.contributor.authorPrapas Patchaneeen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2020, Chiang Mai University - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. All rights reserved. Irrational use of antimicrobials is a major problem worldwide. The comprehensiveness of the existing legislation and veterinary pharmaceutical regulatory system has been critically evaluated and its practical implementation was assessed in this study. An archival review, a cross-sectional survey study, and an in-depth interview of key informants involving the layer and pig farm owners/managers of farms located in Chiang Mai, Lamphun and Chonburi Provinces were conducted. The Thai FDA is responsible for pre-marketing and authorizes relevant officials of DLD to enforce drug acts related to the post-marketing of veterinary drugs/biologics. These existing legislations and regulations were comprehensive enough to cover all areas of pharmaceutical activities developed to protect the health of the public and animals in the country; howev-er, the enforcement of these rules may not be properly enforced or may be ineffectively executed. Additionally, the important regulatory tools such as the standards and guidelines have not been completely put into action. Regulations overseeing the veterinary pharmaceuticals at the farm level is not clearly stated and procedures are not systematically recorded in all farms. Some farmers can easily access veterinary pharmaceuticals, and veterinarian prescriptions were not needed. Addi-tionally, the relevant benefits were among the most important reasons for choosing to use antimicrobials on farms, along with a lack of availability of better alternative products for the treatment of infections. Therefore, intensive and regulation enforcement, important regulatory standards and guidelines, financial issues and alternative products were considered to be the most effective means of reducing antimicrobial usage and abuse in Thailand.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.titlePerspectives on antimicrobial use in pig and layer farms in thailand: Legislation, policy, regulations and potentialen_US
article.title.sourcetitleVeterinary Integrative Sciencesen_US
article.volume19en_US Mai Rajabhat Universityen_US Universityen_US of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol Universityen_US of Songkla Universityen_US Mai Universityen_US Provincial Livestock Officeen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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