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Title: Natural surfactant saponin from tissue of litsea glutinosa and its alternative sustainable production
Authors: Jiratchaya Wisetkomolmat
Ratchuporn Suksathan
Ratchadawan Puangpradab
Keawalin Kunasakdakul
Kittisak Jantanasakulwong
Pornchai Rachtanapun
Sarana Rose Sommano
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2020
Abstract: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. In this research, we assessed the detergency properties along with chemical characteristic of the surfactant extracts from the most frequently cited detergent plants in Northern Thailand, namely, Sapindus rarak, Acacia concinna, and Litsea glutinosa. Moreover, as to provide the sustainable option for production of such valuable ingredients, plant tissue culture (PTC) as alternative method for industrial metabolite cultivation was also proposed herein. The results illustrated that detergent plant extracts showed moderate in foaming and detergency abilities compared with those of synthetic surfactant. The phytochemical analysis illustrated the positive detection of saponins in L. glutinosa plant extracts. The highest callus formation was found in L. glutinosa explant cultured with MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/L Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The callus extract was chemical elucidated using chromatography, which illustrated the presence of saponin similar to those from the crude leaf and Quillaja saponin extracts. Compact mass spectrometry confirmed that the surfactant was of the steroidal diagnostic type.
ISSN: 22237747
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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