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dc.contributor.authorAniroot Nuangmeken_US
dc.contributor.authorSuvichai Rojanasthienen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanuwat Yamsakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorPakpoom Tadeeen_US
dc.contributor.authorThanaporn Eiamsam-angen_US
dc.contributor.authorVisanu Thamlikitkulen_US
dc.contributor.authorNattasit Tansakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorManat Suwanen_US
dc.contributor.authorTeerarat Prasertseeen_US
dc.contributor.authorSuwit Chotinunen_US
dc.contributor.authorPrapas Patchaneeen_US
dc.identifier.citationVeterinary Integrative Sciences (Vet Integr Sci) 19, 1 (Jan-Apr 2021), 1-21en_US
dc.description“Veterinary Integrative Sciences” is the official peer-reviewed journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. The primary aim of the journal is to facilitate and oversee the publication of a wide-range of high quality academic articles with an overall integration of the various areas of animal and veterinary sciencesen_US
dc.description.abstractIrrational use of antimicrobials is a major problem worldwide. The comprehensiveness of the existing legislation and veterinary pharmaceutical regulatory system has been critically evaluated and its practical implementation was assessed in this study. A cross-sectional survey study, and an in-depth interview of key informants involving the layer and pig farm owners/managers of farms located in Chiang Mai, Lamphun and Chonburi Provinces were conducted. The Thai FDA is responsible for pre-marketing and authorizes relevant officials of DLD to enforce drug acts related to the post-marketing of veterinary drugs/biologics. These existing legislations and regulations were comprehensive enough to cover all areas of pharmaceutical activities developed to protect the health of the public and animals in the country; however, the enforcement of these rules may not be properly enforced or may be ineffectively executed. Rules regarding veterinary pharmaceuticals being distributed throughout the country have not been clearly stated. Farmers can easily access veterinary pharmaceuticals, and veterinarian prescriptions were not needed. Additionally, the relevant benefits were among the most important reasons for choosing to use antimicrobials on farms, along with a lack of availability of better alternative products for the treatment of infections. Intensive legislation and regulation enforcement were considered to be the most effective means of reducing antimicrobial usage and abuse in Thailand.en_US
dc.publisherFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai Universityen_US
dc.subjectveterinary pharmaceuticalen_US
dc.titlePerspectives on antimicrobial use in pig and layer farms in thailand: legislation, policy, regulations and potentialen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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