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Title: Expression profiling of DNA methyl transferase I (DNMT1) and efficacy of a DNA-hypomethylating agent (decitabine) in combination with chemotherapy in osteosarcoma
Authors: Parunya Chaiyawat
Nutnicha Sirikaew
Piyaporn Budprom
Jeerawan Klangjorhor
Areerak Phanphaisarn
Pimpisa Teeyakasem
Jongkolnee Settakorn
Dumnoensun Pruksakorn
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2020
Abstract: © 2020 Background: Abnormality in the DNA methylation process is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Emerging evidence strongly supports the idea that defects in DNA methyl transferases (DNMTs) are involved in tumor development and progression. This alteration has major effects at the transcription level of various cancer-associated genes. Methods: Expression profiles of DNMT1 were investigated in fresh frozen tissues, patient-derived cells, and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues using immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry analysis. We also examined an anti-tumor effect of single DNA-hypomethylating agent (decitabine) and a combination of decitabine and chemotherapy in osteosarcoma cell lines. Results: The results showed an overexpression of DNMT1 in most cases compared to normal cells and tissue samples. DNMT1 was also expressed at the same levels in paired primary cells derived from biopsy and post-chemotherapy tissues. Expression patterns of DNMT1 were examined in 77 osteosarcoma patients of whom 82% had positive DNMT1 with an IRS score > 0. Most of the cases expressed low to moderate levels of DNMT1 (IRS range 1–8, median = 2.0). Furthermore, we found that a combination of decitabine and chemotherapy had a synergistic effect in most of the tested osteosarcoma cells at a low dose therapeutic range of decitabine. Conclusions: Our study revealed DNMT1 expression patterns that indicated potential roles of DNMT1 in osteosarcoma transformation and progression. This finding also suggests the efficacy of a combination therapy of decitabine with chemotherapy for osteosarcoma treatment.
ISSN: 22121374
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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