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|Title:||Valorization of alkaline lignin and optimization of vanillin production by heterogeneous Fenton-type catalysts|
|Abstract:||© 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Fenton processes are a promising approach toward high-value chemical production from waste lignin. In this study, heterogeneous Fenton oxidation was employed to convert alkaline lignin into vanillin. The effects of Fe0, Fe2+, Fe3+, and H2O2 concentrations, temperature (25–50 °C), and reaction time (15–60 min) on vanillin production from lignin was investigated using response surface methodology under a three-level factorial design. The study reveals that the concentrations of Fe0, Fe2+, Fe3+, and H2O2 had an important effect on vanillin yield, whereas reaction temperature and time had positive effects on the process of vanillin production. Based on the numerical optimization and desirability function, the optimum conditions were 38.05 mg/L Fe0, 49.45 mg/L Fe2+, 71.35 mg/L Fe3+, and 1884.4 ppm H2O2 at 41.404 °C for 60 min at pH 3. Under these conditions, the vanillin yield obtained was 0.690%, which was increased by 2.59-fold from lignin. The experimental results agreed with the predicted values. We show that heterogeneous Fenton oxidation has the potential to convert lignin into high-value aromatic compounds when carried out under optimum conditions.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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