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Title: Local structure elucidation and reaction mechanism of light naphtha aromatization over Ga embedded H-ZSM-5 zeolite: Combined DFT and experimental study
Authors: Yutthana Wongnongwa
Pinit Kidkhunthod
Usa Sukkha
Sitthiphong Pengpanich
Kaew arpha Thavornprasert
Jakkrapong Phupanit
Nawee Kungwan
Gang Feng
Tinnagon Keawin
Siriporn Jungsuttiwong
Keywords: Chemistry
Materials Science
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2020
Abstract: © 2020 Elsevier Inc. Local structures and mechanisms for n-pentane aromatization on Ga embedded H-ZSM-5 zeolite (Ga/ZSM-5) were elucidated using Synchrotron-based X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to understand the role of Ga/ZSM-5 zeolite in aromatics synthesis. XAS data suggests that Ga ligates with four oxygen or four hydrogen atoms. Catalytic tests results suggest that conversion by Ga/ZSM-5 catalyst cannot occur via C6–C8 non-aromatic intermediates, while the availability of Ga metal sites promotes the aromatization of C2 and C3 species. Therefore, conversion of n-pentane to benzene or toluene comprises four steps, i) cracking, ii) GaH2 activation, iii) cyclization, and iv) dehydrogenation. Our model predicts the key intermediate in n-pentane aromatization on Ga/ZSM-5 zeolite to be a five-membered Ga-C4 ring structure. The ring undergoes expansion to form a seven-membered Ga-C6 ring. Moreover, we discuss thermodynamics and kinetic results for the benzene and toluene formation pathways. Our results provide new finding for the role of Ga/ZSM-5 zeolites in n-pentane aromatization processes.
ISSN: 13871811
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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