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|Title:||Effective single-cell clustering through ensemble feature selection and similarity measurements|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Mathematics|
|Abstract:||© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Single-cell RNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized biomedical research by providing an effective means to profile gene expressions in individual cells. One of the first fundamental steps to perform the in-depth analysis of single-cell sequencing data is cell type classification and identification. Computational methods such as clustering algorithms have been utilized and gaining in popularity because they can save considerable resources and time for experimental validations. Although selecting the optimal features (i.e., genes) is an essential process to obtain accurate and reliable single-cell clustering results, the computational complexity and dropout events that can introduce zero-inflated noise make this process very challenging. In this paper, we propose an effective single-cell clustering algorithm based on the ensemble feature selection and similarity measurements. We initially identify the set of potential features, then measure the cell-to-cell similarity based on the subset of the potentials through multiple feature sampling approaches. We construct the ensemble network based on cell-to-cell similarity. Finally, we apply a network-based clustering algorithm to obtain single-cell clusters. We evaluate the performance of our proposed algorithm through multiple assessments in real-world single-cell RNA sequencing datasets with known cell types. The results show that our proposed algorithm can identify accurate and consistent single-cell clustering. Moreover, the proposed algorithm takes relative expression as input, so it can easily be adopted by existing analysis pipelines. The source code has been made publicly available at https://github.com/jeonglab/scCLUE.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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