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Title: Development and validation of a 6-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (RULS-6) using Rasch analysis
Authors: Nahathai Wongpakaran
Tinakon Wongpakaran
Manee Pinyopornpanish
Sutapat Simcharoen
Chawisa Suradom
Pairada Varnado
Pimolpun Kuntawong
Keywords: Psychology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Abstract: © 2020 The British Psychological Society Objective: The UCLA Loneliness Scale, containing 20 items, is one of the commonly used loneliness scales. Some shorter versions have been developed using factor analysis. The study aimed to shorten the UCLA Loneliness Scale using Rasch and factor analysis methods and test the psychometric properties of the new scale. Methods: The full sample of the study included 719 respondents, divided into three subsamples (205, 324, and 190 for samples 1–3, respectively). The original, 20-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (R-ULS) was shortened using 205 students (sample 1); the shortened scale was then validated for construct and concurrent validity with 324 students (sample 2) and 190 clinical participants (sample 3). Confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis were used for construct validity. Convergent, discriminant, and concurrent validity were assessed by exploring the correlation with other psychological measurements. Results: In sample 1, the R-ULS was shortened to a 6-item scale (RULS-6) that fits the Rasch model. The RULS-6 met the criteria of unidimensionality and local independence without differential item functioning due to age and sex, and good targeting the clinical sample. Person Separation Index (PSI) reflected that reliability from the Rasch perspective was acceptable. However, collapsing categories 2 (sometime) and 3 (rarely) may be required in a clinical sample. When tested in samples 2 and 3, the RULS-6 fits the Rasch measurement model. Convergent and discriminant validity were demonstrated with interpersonal problems and attachment scales. As expected, a positive correlation was found between RULS-6 and anxiety, depression subscale, interpersonal difficulties, and somatization subscales denoting concurrent validity. Cronbach’s alpha of the RULS-6 was good (.83). Conclusion: Using Rasch analysis, the proposed RULS-6 constituted a 70% reduction of the number of original items, yet preserved the psychometric properties in independent samples of students and psychiatric outpatients.
ISSN: 20448287
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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