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|Title:||Biological variation in kidney injury and kidney function biomarkers among farmers in Lamphun province, Thailand|
|Abstract:||© 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Frequent and long-term exposure to pesticides can induce acute kidney injury and subsequent chronic kidney diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between kidney injury, kidney function biomarkers, and pesticide use in farmers from the Pasang district, Lamphun province, Thailand. A cross-sectional study was performed in 59 farmers occupationally exposed to various types of pesticides. The levels of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), serum creatinine (sCr), urinary microalbumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), serum cystatin C (sCys-C), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and exposure intensity index (EII) were evaluated. Spearman’s correlation and a linear regression analysis were carried out to investigate the association between age, pesticide use, EII, kidney injury markers, and kidney function biomarkers. The most common pesticide used in this study area was glyphosate, followed by paraquat and iprodione. Urinary NGAL levels showed a significant correlation with sCys-C levels, EII, and eGFR Cr-Cys. In addition, the sCr levels were associated with glyphosate use (B = 0.08) and EII (B = 0.01). In conclusion, occupation exposure to pesticides is likely to be linked to kidney injury and dysfunction. Pesticide mix status, pesticide application method, equipment repair status, and personal protective equipment (PPE) use are all involved in changes in kidney markers.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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