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Title: Evaluating the photocatalytic efficiency of the BiVO<inf>4</inf>/rGO photocatalyst
Authors: Sukon Phanichphant
Auppatham Nakaruk
Kantapat Chansaenpak
Duangdao Channei
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2019
Abstract: © 2019, The Author(s). The present study reported the preparation of BiVO4 by co-precipitation method. The as-prepared BiVO4 photocatalyst were deposited on rGO sheets to form BiVO4/rGO via the hydrothermal method. The crystalline structure, morphological, optical properties, and surface properties of the synthesized pure BiVO4 compared to BiVO4/rGO composite were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronmicroscopy (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectrophotoscopy, UV–vis spectrophotometer with an integrating sphere, and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm based on BET theory. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared samples were evaluated by the degradation of MB dye in aqueous medium under visible light irradiation. The result showed that the BiVO4/rGO composite exhibited greater photocatalytic efficiency compared to pure BiVO4 with the photocatalytic degradation efficiency remains stable up to fifth cycle. The improved activity of the BiVO4/rGO composite might be attributed to the high surface area available to adsorb more MB molecules, and efficient charge separation of BiVO4 through π electron on the rGO structure. According to experimental results, the possible photocatalytic mechanism of the BiVO4/rGO composite were determined and the active species hydroxyl radical were reported. Based on photocatalytic activity inhibition in the presence of both h+ (VB) and O2•− (CB) scavengers over the BiVO4 photocatalyst, it can be proposed that the hydroxyl radical generated during the photocatalytic degradation mechanism is mainly responsible by the main active species of h+ and O2•− at VB and CB positions, respectively.
ISSN: 20452322
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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