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Title: Conventional versus hypofractionated postmastectomy radiotherapy: A report on long-term outcomes and late toxicity
Authors: Imjai Chitapanarux
Pitchayaponne Klunklin
Attapol Pinitpatcharalert
Patumrat Sripan
Ekkasit Tharavichitkul
Wannapha Nobnop
Wimrak Onchan
Somvilai Chakrabandhu
Bongkot Jia-Mahasap
Juntima Euathrongchit
Yutthaphan Wannasopha
Tanop Srisuwan
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 14-Oct-2019
Abstract: © 2019 The Author(s). Objective: We evaluated the long-term outcomes and late toxicity of conventional fractionated (CF) and hypofractionated (HF) postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) in terms of locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and late toxicity. Methods: A cohort of 1640 of breast cancer patients receiving PMRT between January 2004 and December 2014 were enrolled. Nine hundred eighty patients were treated with HF-PMRT: 2.65 Gy/fraction to a total of 42.4-53 Gy and 660 patients were treated with CF-PMRT: 2 Gy/fraction to a total of 50-60 Gy. Results: The median follow-up time was 71.8 months (range 41.5-115.9 months). No significant difference was found in the rates of 5-year LRRFS, DFS, and OS of HF-PMRT vs CF-PMRT; 96% vs. 94% (p = 0.373), 70% vs. 72% (p = 0.849), and 73% vs. 74% (p = 0.463), respectively. We identified a cohort of 937 eligible breast cancer patients who could receive late toxicities assessment. With a median follow-up time of this patient cohort of 106.3 months (range 76-134 months), there was a significant higher incidence of grade 2 or more late skin (4% vs 1%) and subcutaneous (7% vs 2%) toxicity in patients treated with HF-PMRT vs CF-PMRT. Patients who received additional radiation boost were significantly higher in the HF-PMRT group. Grade 2 or more late RTOG/EORTC lung toxicity was significant lesser in HF-PMRT vs CF-PMRT (9% vs 16%). Grade 1 brachial plexopathy was also significant lesser in HF-PMRT vs CF-PMRT (2% vs 8%). Heart toxicity and lymphedema were similar in both groups. Conclusions: HF-PMRT is feasible to deliver with comparable long-term efficacy to CF-PMRT. HF-PMRT had higher grade 2 or more skin and subcutaneous toxicity but less lung and brachial plexus toxicity.
ISSN: 1748717X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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