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Title: Microwave synthesis of ZnIn<inf>2</inf>S<inf>4</inf>/WS<inf>2</inf> composites for photocatalytic hydrogen production and hexavalent chromium reduction
Authors: Watcharapong Pudkon
Sulawan Kaowphong
Samuel Pattisson
Peter J. Miedziak
Hasliza Bahruji
Thomas E. Davies
David J. Morgan
Graham J. Hutchings
Keywords: Chemical Engineering
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Abstract: © 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. A rapid microwave synthesis route for the fabrication of ZnIn2S4 powder and ZnIn2S4/WS2 composites is presented. Firstly, the effects of different sulfur sources-thioacetamide and l-cysteine-on the physicochemical properties and photocatalytic H2 production of the synthesized ZnIn2S4 were investigated. It was found that well-defined flower-like ZnIn2S4 microspheres obtained from l-cysteine facilitated a relatively higher H2 production rate. Then, different loadings of WS2 were introduced into the well-defined flower-like ZnIn2S4 microspheres aiming to improve its photocatalytic H2 production. Compared to pure ZnIn2S4 and WS2, all ZnIn2S4/WS2 composite photocatalysts exhibited enhanced photocatalytic H2 production in the presence of Na2S/Na2SO3 as sacrificial reagents under UV-visible irradiation, where the ZnIn2S4/WS2-40% wt composite had the highest photocatalytic activity. For this material, 293.3 and 76.6 μmol h-1 g-1 of H2 gas were produced under UV-visible and visible light irradiation, respectively. In addition, the photoreduction activity of hexavalent chromium (Cr(vi)) by ZnIn2S4/WS2-40% wt was also investigated under visible light irradiation and it was observed that 98.5% of Cr(vi) was reduced within 90 min at pH 4.
ISSN: 20444761
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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