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Title: Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota
Authors: Mao Qiang He
Rui Lin Zhao
Kevin D. Hyde
Dominik Begerow
Martin Kemler
Andrey Yurkov
Eric H.C. McKenzie
Olivier Raspé
Makoto Kakishima
Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez
Else C. Vellinga
Roy Halling
Viktor Papp
Ivan V. Zmitrovich
Bart Buyck
Damien Ertz
Nalin N. Wijayawardene
Bao Kai Cui
Nathan Schoutteten
Xin Zhan Liu
Tai Hui Li
Yi Jian Yao
Xin Yu Zhu
An Qi Liu
Guo Jie Li
Ming Zhe Zhang
Zhi Lin Ling
Bin Cao
Vladimír Antonín
Teun Boekhout
Bianca Denise Barbosa da Silva
Eske De Crop
Cony Decock
Bálint Dima
Arun Kumar Dutta
Jack W. Fell
József Geml
Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad
Admir J. Giachini
Tatiana B. Gibertoni
Sergio P. Gorjón
Danny Haelewaters
Shuang Hui He
Brendan P. Hodkinson
Egon Horak
Tamotsu Hoshino
Alfredo Justo
Young Woon Lim
Nelson Menolli
Armin Mešić
Jean Marc Moncalvo
Gregory M. Mueller
László G. Nagy
R. Henrik Nilsson
Machiel Noordeloos
Jorinde Nuytinck
Takamichi Orihara
Cheewangkoon Ratchadawan
Mario Rajchenberg
Alexandre G.S. Silva-Filho
Marcelo Aloisio Sulzbacher
Zdenko Tkalčec
Ricardo Valenzuela
Annemieke Verbeken
Alfredo Vizzini
Felipe Wartchow
Tie Zheng Wei
Michael Weiß
Chang Lin Zhao
Paul M. Kirk
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2019
Abstract: © 2019, The Author(s). The Basidiomycota constitutes a major phylum of the kingdom Fungi and is second in species numbers to the Ascomycota. The present work provides an overview of all validly published, currently used basidiomycete genera to date in a single document. An outline of all genera of Basidiomycota is provided, which includes 1928 currently used genera names, with 1263 synonyms, which are distributed in 241 families, 68 orders, 18 classes and four subphyla. We provide brief notes for each accepted genus including information on classification, number of accepted species, type species, life mode, habitat, distribution, and sequence information. Furthermore, three phylogenetic analyses with combined LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2, and ef1 datasets for the subphyla Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina and Ustilaginomycotina are conducted, respectively. Divergence time estimates are provided to the family level with 632 species from 62 orders, 168 families and 605 genera. Our study indicates that the divergence times of the subphyla in Basidiomycota are 406–430 Mya, classes are 211–383 Mya, and orders are 99–323 Mya, which are largely consistent with previous studies. In this study, all phylogenetically supported families were dated, with the families of Agaricomycotina diverging from 27–178 Mya, Pucciniomycotina from 85–222 Mya, and Ustilaginomycotina from 79–177 Mya. Divergence times as additional criterion in ranking provide additional evidence to resolve taxonomic problems in the Basidiomycota taxonomic system, and also provide a better understanding of theirphylogeny and evolution.
ISSN: 18789129
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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