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Title: Interaction of CD99 and its ligand upregulates IL-6 and TNF-α upon T cell activation
Authors: Nuchjira Takheaw
Papawadee Earwong
Witida Laopajon
Supansa Pata
Watchara Kasinrerk
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Abstract: © 2019 Takheaw et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. CD99 has been reported to be involved in T cell regulation. CD99 ligand involvement in the regulation of T cell activation has been postulated. In this study, recombinant CD99 proteins were produced and used as a tool for determining the role of CD99 and its ligand interaction. Recombinant CD99 proteins induced the upregulation of IL-6 and TNF-α expression, but not IFN-γ, in anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody activated T cells. The cytokine alteration was not observed in unstimulated T cells indicating the cytokine upregulation required the signal from T cell activation. The upregulation of IL-6 and TNF-α was, in addition, observed in CD3-mononuclear cell population including monocytes and NK cells. The recombinant CD99 proteins, however, did not affect either CD25, CD69 or MHC class II expression or T cell proliferation, upon T cell activation. The CD99 ligands were demonstrated to be expressed on monocytes, NK cells and dendritic cells, but not on B and T cells. Our results indicated the presence of CD99 ligands on leukocyte surface. Interaction between CD99 and its ligands involves the regulation of cytokine production.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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