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|Title:||Effectiveness of the rhabdomyolysis treatment protocol in critically ill trauma patients at the level I trauma center|
|Other Titles:||ประสิทธิภาพของแนวทางการรักษาภาวะกล้ามเนื้อสลาย (Rhabdomyolysis) ในผู้ป่วยหนักอุบัติเหตุในโรงพยาบาลศูนย์อุบัติเหตุระดับที่ 1|
|Publisher:||Chiang Mai University. Faculty of Medicine|
|Abstract:||Objective Rhabdomyolysis and its consequence, acute renal failure, is a serious complication with high mortality rate. However, its treatment differs among individual physicians. Therefore, the rhabdomyolysis treatment protocol was established by the multidisciplinary experts’ consensus in July 2008. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the rhabdomyolysis treatment protocol after implementation in critically ill trauma patients. Material and methods A retrospective chart review on rhabdomyolysis patients was performed between 1st January 2006 and 31thDecember 2010, and defi ned as total creatine phosphokinase (CK) of more than 3,000 U/L. The patients admitted before and after July 2008 were defi ned as the pre- and post- protocol group, respectively. The demographic data, disease severity, fluid administration, and outcomes were recorded. Statistical signifi cance was defi ned as p<0.05. Results A total of 659 patients was admitted into this study, with investigation of CK being made during the study period. Of these patients, 267 had rhabdomyolysis (29 and 238 in the pre- and post-protocol group, respectively). There was a statistically signifi cant difference in the occurrence of acute kidney injury (pre-protocol group vs. post-protocol group: 51.7% vs. 29.4%; p=0.015), and acute dialysis requirement (13.8% vs. 3.6%, p=0.01). The mortality rate of patients requiring long term dialysis, and the creatinine level at discharge were no different between the two groups. Mixed model analysis of the clinical and laboratory parameter, during 14 days of admission, showed a significant decrease of CK (p<0.001), decrease of creatinine (p<0.001), higher urine pH monitoring (p=0.005), less mannitol administration (p<0.001), and higher administration of sodium bicarbonate (p=0.006) in the post-protocol group Conclusion The rhabdomyolysis treatment protocol is effective in terms of acute renal failure, acute dialysis, and decreasing CK and serum creatinine level in rhabdomyolysis post-trauma patients.|
|Description:||Chiang Mai Medical Journal (Formerly Chiang Mai Medical Bulletin) is an official journal of the Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University. It accepts original papers on clinical and experimental research that are pertinent in the biomedical sciences. The Journal is published 4 issues/year (i.e., Mar, Jun, Sep, and Dec). Original articles, review articles, brief reports, case reports, and miscellany (editorials, perspectives, opinions, and letters to the editor) are welcome. All manuscripts submitted to Chiang Mai Medical Journal must not have been previously published (except in abstract form) or under consideration for publication elsewhere. Each submitted article will be reviewed by two referrees or more. Following publication, Chiang Mai Medical Journal reserves the copyright of all published materials and such materials may not be reproduced in any form without written permission from Chiang Mai Medical Journal. We strongly recommend that authors follow the guideline in manuscript preparation below. Failure to comply with the instruction will result in delay the processing of your paper|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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