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|Title:||Is admission to an SCI specialized rehabilitation facility associated with better functional outcomes? Analysis of data from the Thai Spinal Cord Injury Registry|
|Abstract:||© 2019, International Spinal Cord Society. Study design: Prospective cohort study of the Thai Spinal Cord Injury Registry. Objective: To determine whether being admitted to a spinal cord injury (SCI) specialized rehabilitation facility (SSRF) is associated with better functional outcomes. Setting: Four rehabilitation facilities in Thailand; one a SSRF and the others non-SSRFs. Methods: Data from the one SSRF and three non-SSRFs were extracted from the Thai Spinal Cord Injury Registry. Multivariate regression analysis was used to exclude the effect of confounding factors and prove the independent association of SSRF admission with respect to Spinal Cord Independence Measurement (SCIM) at discharge. Results: Among the 234 new SCI inpatients enrolled, 167 persons (71%) had been admitted to the SSRF. The SSRF had a greater proportion of persons with AIS A, B, C tetraplegia and people with AIS D, whereas the non-SSRFs had a higher proportion of patients with AIS A, B or C paraplegia. Patients discharged from the SSRF demonstrated a greater SCIM score improvement than those from the non-SSRFs (24.1 vs 17.0; p = 0.003). By using multivariate regression analysis controlling for age, time from injury to rehabilitation, severity of injury and SCIM score on admission, SSRF admission was found to be an independent predictive factor of SCIM score improvement at discharge (p = 0.008). Conclusion: Admission to an SSRF is associated with better rehabilitation outcomes. This finding supports the importance of SSRF access to improve the functional outcome of patients with SCI.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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