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Title: Biosurfactant-Producing Capability and Prediction of Functional Genes Potentially Beneficial to Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery in Indigenous Bacterial Communities of an Onshore Oil Reservoir
Authors: Thanachai Phetcharat
Pinan Dawkrajai
Thararat Chitov
Wuttichai Mhuantong
Verawat Champreda
Sakunnee Bovonsombut
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2019
Abstract: © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) is a bio-based technology with economic and environmental benefits. The success of MEOR depends greatly on the types and characteristics of indigenous microbes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of applying MEOR at Mae Soon Reservoir, an onshore oil reservoir experiencing a decline in its production rate. We investigated the capability of the reservoir’s bacteria to produce biosurfactants, and evaluated the potentials of uncultured indigenous bacteria to support MEOR by means of prediction of MEOR-related functional genes, based on a set of metagenomic 16s rRNA gene data. The biosurfactant-producing bacteria isolated from the oil-bearing sandstones from the reservoir belonged to one species: Bacillus licheniformis, with one having the ability to decrease surface tension from 72 to 32 mN/m. Gene sequences responsible for biosurfactant (licA3), lipase (lipP1) and catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (C23O) were detected in these isolates. The latter two, and other genes encoding MEOR-related functional proteins such as enoyl-CoA hydratase and alkane 1-monooxygenase, were predicted in the bacterial communities residing the reservoir’s sandstones. Exposure of these sandstones to nutrients, consisting of KNO 3 and NaH 2 PO 4 , resulted in an increase in the proportions of some predicted functional genes. These results indicated the potentials of MEOR application at Mae Soon site. Using the approaches demonstrated in this study would also assist evaluation of the feasibility of applying MEOR in oil reservoirs, which may be enhanced by an appropriate nutrient treatment.
ISSN: 14320991
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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