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|Title:||Cervical screening results leading to detection of adenocarcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
|Abstract:||© 2019, Asian Pacific Organization for Cancer Prevention. Background: Adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) of the uterine cervix is a preinvasive lesion of the invasive adenocarcinoma. We analyzed the cervical screening results leading to detecting the AIS lesions including the coexistence of AIS lesions with high-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (HSIL) and invasive carcinoma. Methods: Women who were diagnosed and received treatment for AIS at Chiang Mai University Hospital between January 1, 2007 and August 31, 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criteria were the women who had pathological diagnosis of AIS obtained from cervical punch biopsy or excisional cone biopsy with either loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or cold-knife conization (CKC). The patient characteristics, diagnostic work-up and treatment details were reviewed, including the cervical screening results prior to the diagnosis of cervical AIS, pathologic results of excisional cone biopsy and hysterectomy specimens. Results: During the study period, 75 women with AIS pathology undergoing excisional cone biopsy with either LEEP (n=62) or CKC (n=13) were identified. The abnormal cytologic screening leading to detection of AIS was the squamous cell abnormality accounting for 57.3%. Abnormal glandular cytology accounted for 37.3%. The most common abnormal cervical screening results was HSIL cytology (n = 25) followed by AIS cytology (n = 13). Normal cytology was noted in 4 women in whom 3 were positive for HPV 18 and 1 had AIS on the endocervical polyp. AIS coexisted with HSIL and invasive carcinoma were detected in cone biopsy specimens in 21 (28%) and 29 (38.7%) patients, respectively. Conclusion: The majority of cervical screening results leading to detection of cervical AIS was the squamous cell abnormality accounting for 57.3% in which, HSIL cytology was the most common. Abnormal glandular cytology accounted for only 37.3%. Diagnostic cone excision is recommended if AIS lesion is noted in cervical biopsy specimen since nearly 40% have coexisting invasive lesions.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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