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dc.contributor.authorTanawat Chaowaskuen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnissara Damthongdeeen_US
dc.contributor.authorHathaichanok Jongsooken_US
dc.contributor.authorDung T. Ngoen_US
dc.contributor.authorHung T. Leen_US
dc.contributor.authorDuc M. Tranen_US
dc.contributor.authorSomran Suddeeen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2018 Conservatoire Et Jardin Botaniques De Genève. Recent botanical expeditions in central Vietnam yielded an unknown species of Annonaceae that could not be confidently identified to subfamily, tribe, and genus. Preliminary BLAST® searches based on plastid data have suggested that this taxon is genetically closely-related to the following tribes of subfamily Malmeoideae: Malmeeae, Fenerivieae, Maasieae, Phoenicantheae, Dendrokingstonieae, Monocarpieae, and Miliuseae. Using representatives of Piptostigmateae, another tribe of Malmeoideae, as outgroups and including representatives of all other tribes of Malmeoideae, molecular phylogenetic analyses of seven combined plastid markers (rbcL, matK, ndhF, ycf1 exons; trnL intron; trnL-trnF, psbA-trnH intergenic spacers) inferred the enigmatic Vietnamese taxon as belonging to the monotypic tribe Monocarpieae. Detailed morphological comparisons between this taxon and its sister group, Monocarpia Miq., warranted the recognition of a second genus of Monocarpieae to accommodate our unknown taxon: Leoheo Chaowasku with a single species, Leoheo domatiophorus Chaowasku, D.T. Ngo & H.T. Le. The morphology of the new genus agrees well with the diagnostic traits of Monocarpieae, e.g., a percurrent tertiary venation of the leaves, a highly reduced number of carpels per flower, enlarged and lobed stigmas, multiple ovules/seeds per ovary/monocarp, considerably large monocarps with a hardened pericarp when dry, and spiniform ruminations of the endosperm. However, the new genus does not exhibit two characteristic features of Monocarpia: Terminal inflorescences and generally distinct intramarginal leaf veins. In addition, the new genus possesses three autapomorphic characters: Hairy domatia on the lower leaf surface, longitudinal ridges on the monocarp surface, and subsessile monocarps with a stout stipe. The tribe Monocarpieae is consequently enlarged to include the genus Leoheo. The enlarged Monocarpieae, along with the recently established monotypic tribe Phoenicantheae and two other related tribes, Dendrokingstonieae and Miliuseae, are discussed.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.titleEnlarging the monotypic Monocarpieae (Annonaceae, Malmeoideae): Recognition of a second genus from Vietnam informed by morphology and molecular phylogeneticsen_US
article.volume73en_US Mai Universityen_US Universityen_US of Agriculture and Forestry, Hue Universityen_US Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Thailanden_US
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