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Title: Impact of pre-existing fabrics and multi-phase oblique extension on Cenozoic fault patterns, Wichianburi sub-basin of the Phetchabun rift, Thailand
Authors: Sopon Pongwapee
Christopher K. Morley
Krit Won-in
Keywords: Earth and Planetary Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd Cenozoic fault patterns associated with rift development in the Wichianburi Sub-Basin show a wide range of controls at different scales including influence by the margin of a Permian basin, and NW-SE to NE-SW trending Triassic folds and faults. During the Late Oligocene-Early Miocene phase 1 normal faults (NNW-SSE to NNE-SSW trends) developed in response to ∼ E-W extension. Faults predominantly trend NNW-SSE to N-S during this phase. During the Middle Miocene-Pliocene the extension direction rotated to a more NW-SE orientation. The old fault orientations were reactivated, and new faults also developed with predominantly NNE-SSW to NE-SW orientations. Many new faults nucleated within the syn-rift section and were not directly influenced by pre-existing fabrics in the pre-rift section. Four types of phase 2 fault can be identified: Type 1 = newly formed faults that strike sub-orthogonal to the phase 2 extension direction, Type 2 = newly formed faults that strike between the phase 1 fault orientations and Type 1 faults. Type 3 = newly formed faults that strike at angles greater than 90° with respect to the phase 2 extension direction. Type 4 = reactivated phase 1 faults. Local stress rotations, and fault linkage rotations explain many of the Type 2 and 3 fault orientations. The stress rotation in the Middle Miocene is observed in other basins in Central Thailand, notably the Suphan Buri and Phitsanulok Basins, where a range of fault patterns are produced by the effects of inherited fabrics plus multi-phase rifting.
ISSN: 01918141
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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