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Title: First-principles calculations of ferroelectricity and structural stability in Bi- and Alkali-Metal-Modified BaTiO<inf>3</inf> for PTC thermistor applications
Authors: Sittichain Pramchu
Atchara Punya Jaroenjittichai
Yongyut Laosiritaworn
Keywords: Chemical Engineering
Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2018
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. First-principles density functional theory (DFT) was used to seek the possibility of enhancing ferroelectricity, structural stability, and TC of BaTiO3 by Bi/alkali-metals co-doping. From the results, among M = Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs, we found that K gives the largest c/a ratio (tetragonality) and spontaneous polarization (Ps), which these c/a and Ps are also larger than those from pure BaTiO3. In addition, the calculated solution energy (at Ba-poor condition) reveals that the incorporation of Bi and K on A site yields the most stable structure. The predicted enhancements of ferroelectricity and structural stability in the case of Bi/K modified BaTiO3 is found to be weakly dependent on how Bi and K are arranged to occupy different positions of A site in the supercell. Consequently, our results suggest that K is the best candidate. The findings can then be used to suggest ways of enhancing ferroelectricity, structural stability, and TC in BaTiO3 ceramics for broadening the operating temperature of BT-based PTC thermistor.
ISSN: 02728842
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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