Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/62368
Title: Extravasation of the contrast media during voiding cystourethrography in a long-term spinal cord injury patient
Authors: A. Kovindha
C. Sivasomboon
P. Ovatakanont
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2005
Abstract: Objective: To present complications and pitfalls in voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and introduce a guideline for performing VCUG in a long-term spinal cord injury (SCI) patient with neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NBD) and contracted bladder. Study design: A case report. Setting: Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Method: We describe a chronic C5tetraplegic man with NBD and contracted bladder, who developed autonomic dysreflexia (AD), gross hematuria and extravasation of contrast median during VCUG. Result: A foley catheter was retained after VCUG. AD was resolved and urine cleared after a week of continuous bladder irrigation. Conclusion: VCUG should be performed with caution in a long-term SCI patient with NBD and contracted bladder. Forceful pushing of the contrast media by the hand-injection method caused abrupt distention of the contracted bladder, damaged bladder mucosa and aggrevated AD. We suggest a guideline as follows: report bladder capacity and AD, if present, in an X-ray requisition form; use the gravity-drip method, stop the drip and drain the contrast media if a sudden headache and rising of blood pressure (BP) develop; observe urine colour, and report if bleeding or AD occurs. © 2005 International Spinal Cord Society. All rights reserved.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=22844438758&origin=inward
http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/62368
ISSN: 13624393
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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