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Title: Effects of alumina surrounding in sintering process on ZnO-Bi<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>varistors doped with CoO
Authors: W. Onreabroy
T. Tunkasiri
N. Sirikulrat
Keywords: Engineering
Materials Science
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2005
Abstract: Nonlinear current-voltage properties of zinc oxide-bismuth oxide varistors doped with cobalt oxide were investigated. The composition of ZnO doped with 0.5 mol% Bi2O3and 0.75 mol%CoO was prepared and sintered in two different surroundings, zinc oxide-bismuth oxide-cobalt oxide powder and alumina powder. Microstructures and element tracing were studied using scanning electron microscopy with X-ray microanalysis, electron probe microanalysis and X-ray diffraction. Results clearly showed that the alumina surrounding led to bismuth loss from the green body and degraded the nonlinear property of varistors. At sintering temperatures higher than 1150°C, the alumina-surrounding sintered specimens became ohmic and the electrical resistivity of 200 Ω cm was found in the specimen sintered at 1200°C. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0167577X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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