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dc.contributor.authorM. Kawamuraen_US
dc.contributor.authorF. A.C. Wrighten_US
dc.contributor.authorD. Declercken_US
dc.contributor.authorM. C.M. Freireen_US
dc.contributor.authorD. Y. Huen_US
dc.contributor.authorE. Honkalaen_US
dc.contributor.authorG. Lévyen_US
dc.contributor.authorM. Kalwitzkien_US
dc.contributor.authorA. Polychronopoulouen_US
dc.contributor.authorH. K. Yipen_US
dc.contributor.authorM. J. Kinironsen_US
dc.contributor.authorI. Elien_US
dc.contributor.authorS. Pettien_US
dc.contributor.authorT. Komabayashien_US
dc.contributor.authorK. J. Kimen_US
dc.contributor.authorA. A.A. Razaken_US
dc.contributor.authorP. Srisilapananen_US
dc.contributor.authorS. Y.L. Kwanen_US
dc.description.abstractObjective: To identify similarities and differences in oral health attitudes, behaviour and values among freshman dental students. Design: Cross-cultural survey of dental students. Setting: 18 cultural areas. Participants and Methods: 904 first-year dental students completed the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) translated into their own languages. Individual areas were clustered by similarity in responses to the questions. Results: The first group displayed an Occidental-culture orientation' with the exception of Brazil (Cluster 1 comprised: Australia, United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium and Brazil, Cluster 2: Germany, Italy, Finland and France). The second group displayed an 'oriental-cultural orientation' with the exception of Greece and Israel (Cluster 3 comprised: China and Indonesia, and Cluster 4: Japan, Korea, Israel, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Thailand and Greece). Australia and United Kingdom were the countries that were most alike. Ireland was the 'neighbour' to these countries. Greece and Malaysia had similar patterns of oral health behaviour although geographic conditions are very different. Although it was considered that in Hong Kong, occidental nations have affected the development of education, it remained in the oriental-culture group. Comparison with the data from the occidentals indicates that a higher percentage of the orientals put off going to the dentist until they have toothache (p<0.001). Only a small proportion of the occidentals (8%) reported a perception of inevitability in having false teeth, whereas 33% of the orientals held this fatalistic belief (p=0.001). Conclusions: Grouping the countries into key cultural orientations and international clusters yielded plausible results, using the HU-DBI. © 2005 FDI/World Dental Press.en_US
dc.titleAn exploratory study on cultural variations in oral health attitudes, behaviour and values of freshman (first-year) dental studentsen_US
article.title.sourcetitleInternational Dental Journalen_US
article.volume55en_US Universityen_US of Melbourneen_US Leuvenen_US Federal de Goiasen_US China University of Medical Sciencesen_US International Institute for Oral Healthen_US of Kuwaiten_US Paris Descartesen_US Tubingenen_US of Athensen_US University of Hong Kongen_US's University Belfasten_US Aviv Universityen_US degli Studi di Roma La Sapienzaen_US Medical and Dental Universityen_US Universityen_US of Malayaen_US Mai Universityen_US of Leedsen_US University Hospitalen_US
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