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Title: Reproductive isolation between Anopheles sinensis and Anopheles pullus in Korea
Authors: Se Joo Kim
Wej Choochote
Atchariya Jitpakdi
Anuluck Junkum
Dong A. Ahn
Jin A. Baek
Mi Hyun Park
Min Seok Kim
Ki Wha Chung
Gi Sik Min
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2005
Abstract: Anopheles sinensis and An. pullus, the 2 predominant anopheline mosquito species in Korea, are major malaria vectors. Their morphological similarity makes them difficult to distinguish, and their taxonomic relationship remains unclear. Kanda and Oguma produced fertile F1An. sinensis x An. pullus hybrids, suggesting a conspecific relationship. However, our recent internal transcribed spacer 2 DNA sequence comparison of these taxa revealed 32.9% divergence, suggesting that An. sinensis and An. pullus may be distinct species. In the present study, we reassessed the relationship of An. sinensis and An. pullus in hybridization experiments. Laboratory-raised isofemale lines of An. sinensis form B and An. pullus form A and B were reciprocally crossed. The 3 isofemale lines were established from fully engorged females caught from the wild and morphologically identified as An. sinensis or An. pullus. The isofemale lines represented 3 distinct metaphase karyotypes: An. sinensis form B (X, Y2) and An. pullus form A (X1, Y1) and form B (X2, Y2). The F1hybrid larvae showed low viability and completely asynaptic salivary gland polytene chromosomes. The subset of F1hybrids that developed to adults showed sex-ratio distortion; ovarian follicles developed abnormally in females, and males suffered atrophy of accessory glands and testes. These results strongly suggest that the Korean morphological species An. sinensis and An. pullus are biological species, separated by complete postzygotic reproductive isolation. Copyright © 2005 by the American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
ISSN: 8756971X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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