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Title: Electron beam evaporated carbon nanotube dispersed SnO2 thin film gas sensor
Authors: A. Wisitsoraat
A. Tuantranont
C. Thanachayanont
V. Patthanasettakul
P. Singjai
Keywords: Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2006
Abstract: Carbon nanotube (CNT) is a useful material for gas-sensing applications because of its high surface to volume ratio structure. In this work, multi-wall CNTs are incorporated into tin oxide thin film by means of powder mixing and electron beam evaporation and the enhancement of gas-sensing properties is presented. The CNTs were combined with SnO2powder with varying concentration in the range of 0.25-5% by weight and electron beam evaporated onto glass substrates. From AFM and TEM characterization, CNT inclusion in SnO2thin film results in the production of circular cone protrusions of CNT clusters or single tube coated with SnO2layer. Experimental results indicate that the sensitivity to ethanol of SnO2thin film increases by the factors of 3 to 7, and the response time and recovery time were reduced by the factors of 2 or more with CNT inclusion. However, if the CNT concentration is too high, the sensitivity is decreased. Moreover, the CNT doped film can operate with good sensitivity and stability at a relatively low temperature of 250-300°C. The improved gas-sensing properties should be attributed to the increasing of surface adsorption area of metal oxide produced by CNT protrusion. © Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006.
ISSN: 15738663
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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