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Title: Haematological safety of perinatal Zidovudine in pregnant HIV-1-infected women in Thailand secondary analysis of a randomized trial
Authors: Nelly Briand
Marc Lallemant
Gonzague Jourdain
Somnuek Techapalokul
Preecha Tunthanathip
Surachet Suphanich
Truengta Chanpoo
Patrinee Traisathit
Kenneth McIntosh
Sophie Le Cour
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2007
Abstract: Objectives: To respond to the primary safety objective of the Perinatal HIV Prevention Trial 1 (PHPT-1) by studying the evolution of haematological parameters according to zidovudine exposure duration in HIV-1-infected pregnant women. Design: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of different durations of zidovudine prophylaxis. Setting: 27 hospitals in Thailand. Participants: 1,436 HIV-infected pregnant women in PHPT-1. Intervention: Zidovudine prophylaxis initiation at 28 or 35 wk gestation. Outcome measures: Haemoglobin level, leucocytes, total lymphocyte counts, and absolute neutrophil counts were measured at 26, 32, and 35 wk and at delivery. The evolution of haematological parameters was estimated between 26 and 35 wk (zidovudine/placebo) and between 35 wk and delivery to compare a long versus short zidovudine exposure. For each parameter, linear mixed models were adjusted on baseline sociodemographic variables, HIV clinical stage, CD4 count, and viral load. Results: Between 26 and 35 wk, haemoglobin, leucocytes, and absolute neutrophil counts decreased in zidovudine-exposed compared to unexposed women (mean difference [95% Cl] -0.4 [-0.5 to-0.3],-423 [-703 to-142],-485 [-757 to-213], respectively). However, between 35 wk and delivery, the haematological parameters increased faster in women exposed to long rather than short durations of zidovudine (0.1 [0.0 to 0.1]; 105 [18 to 191]; 147 [59 to 234], respectively). At delivery, the differences were not statistically significant, except for mean haemoglobin level, which remained slightly lower in the long zidovudine treatment group (difference: 0.2 g/dl). Zidovudine had no negative impact on the absolute lymphocyte counts. Conclusion: Zidovudine initiated at 28 wk gestation rather than 35 wk had a transient negative impact on the evolution of haematological parameters, which was largely reversed by delivery despite continuation of zidovudine. This result provides reassurance about the safety of early initiation of zidovudine prophylaxis during pregnancy to maximize prevention of perinatal HIV.
ISSN: 15555887
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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