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Title: Antimicrobial activity of bioactive compounds from Periconia siamensis CMUGE015
Authors: Weraphol Bhilabutra
Thongchai Techowisan
John F. Peberdy
Saisamorn Lumyong
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2007
Abstract: Periconia siamensis (strain CMUGE015) was isolated from leaves of the grass, Thysanoleana latifolia (Poaceae). It was antagonistic against the human pathogens Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, MRSA (Methicillin Resistance Staphylococcus aureus) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa the causative agents of food borne disease, Listeriosis, skin infections and lung disease, respectively. Metabolits in both culture filtrates and crude extracts of the filtrates were inhibitory against the microbes tested. The major active ingredients from the culture filtrate were purified by silica gel column chromatography and identified to be Modiolide A, 5, 8-dihydroxy-10-methyl-5, 8, 9, 10-tetrahydro-2H-oxecin-2-one (Compound 1) and 4-Chromanone, 6-hydroxy-2-methyl- (5CI) (Compound 2) by IR, NMR and mass spectral (MS) data. Bioassays showed that both compounds had antibacterial activity against all the test bacteria. Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined to be 50 μg mL-1for compound 1 and 100 μg mL-1for compound 2. This is the first report of the production of these two antibacterial metabolites a terrestrial endophytic fungus. © 2007 Academic Journals Inc.
ISSN: 18164935
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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