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Title: Numerical weather simulation of the depression 23 W over the Gulf of Thailand by the MM5
Authors: Chakrit Chotamonsak
Jiemjai Kreasuwun
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2008
Abstract: A numerical weather simulation of the depression 23W moving over the Gulf of Thailand during October 19-26, 2003 expressed in terms of meteorological variables including pressure, humidity, geopotential height, wind velocity, divergence, vertical velocity, vorticity and rain was performed by the fifth generation of PSN/NCAR mesoscale model, MM5 version 3.7. Favorable conditions for the storm development and storm center during its passage were indicated from the model simulation. The favorable weather conditions of the storm evolution were found to be high relative humidity of 90-100% and less than 1003 mb mean sea-level pressure. The central pressure of the storm decreased at the rate of at least 6 mb/24 hrs with the lowest value of 987 mb and the corresponding lowest geopotential height of 1326 m on October 22, 2003. Cyclonic flows were detected around the areas of negative horizontal divergence of-19.81 × 10-4s-1with gusts over 26 ms-1and the positive vorticities of 128.4-234.1 × 10-4s-1along with moist air updrafts of 10-130 m/s. Continuous updrafts in an unstable atmosphere with adequate moisture supply enhanced the condensation process, and the cloud and rain formation, resulting in heavy rainfall in southern Thailand. Simulated rains are comparable with reported rains of 197-200 mm/24 hr at Prachuab Khiri Khan Province during October 24-25, 2003.
ISSN: 01253395
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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