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Title: Seasonal and diurnal biting activities and zoonotic filarial infections of two Simulium species (Diptera: Simuliidae) in northern Thailand
Authors: Y. Ishii
W. Choochote
O. Bain
M. Fukuda
Y. Otsuka
H. Takaoka
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2008
Abstract: Seasonal and daily biting activity patterns, and natural filarial infections of adult black flies attracted to human bait were investigated at Ban Pang Faen, a rural area in Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand. Collections were carried out twice a month from 06-00 to 18-00 hours from January 2005 to February 2006. Among ten Simulium species collected, S. nodosum and S. asakoae were predominant occupying 57.3 % and 37.2 % of the total 16,553 females, respectively. These two predominant species showed different patterns in seasonal abundance: majority of S. nodosum (86.7 %) were collected in hot season (from mid February to mid May), while most of S. asakoae (74.5 %) were collected in rainy season (from mid May to mid October). For the daily biting activity, S. nodosum had two patterns: the main one was unimodal with a peak from 17-00 to 18-00, and the other was bimodal and had the major peak from 16-00 to 18-00 and the minor one from 07-00 to 09-00. The pattern of S. asakoae was mostly unimodal with a peak from 06-00 to 10-00. The filarial larvae found in S. nodosum and S. asakoae were morphologically different from each other. The short and thick infective larvae found in S. asakoae differed from all known filarial larvae; it is suggested that they might be a bird parasite, Splendidofilariinae or Lemdaninae. The infection of the mammophilic S. nodosum with large Onchocerca type infective larvae was confirmed in this area. Natural filarial infections were found in each month (except December) in either S. nodosum or S. asakoae or in both. Monthly infection rates with all stages of larvae were 0.6-5.0 % for S. nodosum, and 1.0-4.0 % for S. asakoae. It is suggested that people in this village are exposed to the risk of infection with zoonotic filariae throughout the year.
ISSN: 1252607X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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