Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/59148
Title: A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task
Authors: Natasha Duell
Grace Icenogle
Karol Silva
Jason Chein
Laurence Steinberg
Marie T. Banich
Laura Di Guinta
Kenneth A. Dodge
Kostas A. Fanti
Jennifer E. Lansford
Paul Oburu
Concetta Pastorelli
Ann T. Skinner
Emma Sorbring
Sombat Tapanya
Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado
Liane Peña Alampay
Suha M. Al-Hassan
Hanan M.S. Takash
Dario Bacchini
Lei Chang
Nandita Chaudhary
Keywords: Psychology
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2018
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Inc. The authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10–30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included “equal” and “unequal” blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85042715504&origin=inward
http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/59148
ISSN: 08852014
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in CMUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.