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Title: Comparison of sizes, morphologies and optical properties of nio nanostructures synthesized using acetate and nitrate anions from nickel salts via hydrothermal method
Authors: Pranwadee Kaewmuang
Watcharapong Pudkon
Anurak Prasatkhetragarn
Piyarat Nimmanpipug
Sila Kittiwachana
Sulawan Kaowphong
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Materials Science
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Abstract: © 2018, Chiang Mai University. All rights reserved. Porous NiO nanocrystals were synthesized using a hydrothermal method in mediums of different anions from nickel salts, acetate (CH3COO-) and nitrate (NO3-),followed by calcination at 500 °C. Firstly, β-Ni(OH)2powders with a hexagonal structure were formed. Using acetate and nitrate anions, the obtained β-Ni(OH)2powders were composed of thin nanosheets (0.8-2.1 μm in length), and a splinter-like structure self-assembled with longer nanosheets (9.8-24.2 μm), respectively. The difference in the interaction ability between the anions and the β-Ni(OH)2surfaces, affecting the growth behavior of the crystals, was examined using the density functional theory (DFT) method. After calcination, the β-Ni(OH)2turned into porous NiO with a cubic structure but their morphologies were unchanged. The porous NiO with longer nanosheets possessing higher crystallinity and larger surface area provided better UV-Vis absorption ability.
ISSN: 01252526
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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