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Title: Osteogenesis imperfecta with ectopic mineralizations in dentin and cementum and a COL1A2 mutation
Authors: Piranit Nik Kantaputra
Yuddhasert Sirirungruangsarn
Worrachet Intachai
Chumpol Ngamphiw
Sissades Tongsima
Prapai Dejkhamron
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2018
Abstract: © 2018 The Author(s) under exclusive licence to The Japan Society of Human Genetics. We report a Thai father (patient 1) and his daughter (patient 2) affected with osteogenesis imperfecta type IV and dentinogenesis imperfecta. Both were heterozygous for the c.1451G>A (p.Gly484Glu) mutation in COL1A2. The father, a Thai boxer, had very mild osteogenesis imperfecta with no history of low-trauma bone fractures. Scanning electron micrography of the primary teeth with DI of the patient 2, and the primary teeth with DI of another OI patient with OI showed newly recognized dental manifestations of teeth with DI. Normal dentin and cementum might have small areas of ectopic mineralizations. Teeth affected with DI have well-organized ectopic mineralizations in dentin and cementum. The "French-fries-appearance" of the crystals at the cemento-dentinal junction and abnormal cementum have never been reported to be associated with dentinogenesis imperfecta, either isolated or osteogenesis imperfecta-associated. Our study shows for the first time that abnormal collagen fibers can lead to ectopic mineralization in dentin and cementum and abnormal cementum can be a part of osteogenesis imperfecta.
ISSN: 1435232X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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