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dc.contributor.authorThanari Phanitchakunen_US
dc.contributor.authorParinya Wilaien_US
dc.contributor.authorJassada Saingamsooken_US
dc.contributor.authorRinzin Namgayen_US
dc.contributor.authorTobgyel Drukpaen_US
dc.contributor.authorYoshio Tsudaen_US
dc.contributor.authorCatherine Waltonen_US
dc.contributor.authorRalph E. Harbachen_US
dc.contributor.authorPradya Somboonen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Culex (Culiciomyia) spiculothorax was described from Thailand based on the presence of spiculation on the thorax of larvae. Adult females are characterized but are indistinguishable from those of related species, such as Cx. pallidothorax. Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences revealed that specimens identified as Cx. spiculothorax from Thailand, Japan and Bhutan form a single clade with Cx. sasai from Japan (Kimura 2-parameter genetic distances 0–0.9%) that is clearly distinct from clades comprised of other species of subgenus Culiciomyia. Attempts to collect Cx. sasai from several locations in Japan were unsuccessful – only larvae with thoracic vesicular-like spicules identified as Cx. spiculothorax were collected. Careful examination of specimens collected near the type locality of Cx. sasai revealed the presence of spicules on the thorax. Based on these findings, Cx. spiculothorax is formally synonymized with Cx. sasai, which replaces the former as the species present in Thailand and is a new country record for Bhutan.en_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleCulex (Culiciomyia) sasai (Diptera: Culicidae), senior synonym of Cx. spiculothorax and a new country record for Bhutanen_US
article.title.sourcetitleActa Tropicaen_US
article.volume171en_US Mai Universityen_US of Healthen_US Institute of Infectious Diseasesen_US of Manchesteren_US Natural History Museum, Londonen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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