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Title: Green and chemical-free process of enzymatic xylooligosaccharide production from corncob: Enhancement of the yields using a strategy of lignocellulosic destructuration by ultra-high pressure pretreatment
Authors: Phisit Seesuriyachan
Arthitaya Kawee-ai
Thanongsak Chaiyaso
Keywords: Chemical Engineering
Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2017
Abstract: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd In this study, the pressures at 50–500 MPa were evaluated at different time to pretreat and further enzyme hydrolysis. The ultra-high pressure (UHP) pretreatment at 100 MPa for 10 min led to improved accessibility of enzyme for conversion of xylan to xylooligosaccharide (XOS). The maximum XOS yield of 35.6 mg/g substrate was achieved and firstly reported at 10% (w/v) of substrate, 100 U of endo-xylanase/g corncobs and incubation time of 18 h. The enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency was increased by 180.3% and released a high amount of xylobiose. The UHP pretreatment relatively did not affect to the composition of corncob, but decreased 34.3% of lignin. Interestingly, antioxidant activities of XOS using UHP pretreatment were higher than untreated corncob. The UHP pretreatment improved lignocellulosic destructuration and XOS yields in a shorter time without the need of chemicals, implying that UHP could be an effective pretreatment of biomass with a chemical-free process.
ISSN: 18732976
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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