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|Title:||Estrogen and DPP4 inhibitor, but not metformin, exert cardioprotection via attenuating cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction in obese insulin-resistant and estrogen-deprived female rats|
Siriporn C. Chattipakorn
|Abstract:||© 2016 by The North American Menopause Society. Objective: Cardiac function was markedly compromised in obese insulin-resistant and estrogen-deprived rats. Metformin and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (vildagliptin) were reported to improve cardiac function in insulinresistant rats. Their effects on the heart under estrogen-deprived conditions are, however, unknown. Therefore, the effects of metformin, vildagliptin, and estrogen on the cardiac function in estrogen-deprived insulin-resistant female rats were investigated. Methods: Bilateral ovariectomized female rats (n=48) were divided to be fed with either a normal diet (ND) or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks. Then, both ND- and HFD-fed groups were subdivided to receive a vehicle, estrogen (50mg/kg), metformin (30 mg/kg), or vildagliptin (3 mg/kg) for 4 weeks (n=6/group). Heart rate variability, echocardiography, metabolic and biochemical parameters, cardiac function, and mitochondrial function were determined. Sham-operated female rats (n=6) were used as a control. Results: Both ND- and HFD-fed ovariectomized rats developed insulin resistance, depressed heart rate variability, and decreased cardiac contractility. Although treatment with metformin, vildagliptin, and estrogen improved metabolic status and cardiac function, only estrogen and vildagliptin improved diastolic blood pressure and left ventricular ±dP/dt, and also reduced mitochondrial impairment, apoptosis, and oxidative stress in HD-fed ovariectomized rats. Conclusions: Treatment with estrogen and vildagliptin provided more beneficial effects in the inhibition of oxidative stress, apoptosis, and cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction, and preserved cardiac contractile performance in estrogen-deprived insulin-resistant female rats.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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