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Title: Photocatalytic activity of the binary composite CeO<inf>2</inf>/SiO<inf>2</inf>for degradation of dye
Authors: Sukon Phanichphant
Auppatham Nakaruk
Duangdao Channei
Keywords: Materials Science
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2016
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. In this study, CeO2photocatalyst was modified by composite with SiO2to increase efficiency and improve photocatalytic activity. The as-prepared SiO2particles have been incorporated into the precursor mixture of CeO2by homogeneous precipitation and subsequent calcination process. The phase compositions of CeO2before and after compositing with SiO2were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The morphology and particle size of CeO2/SiO2composite was analyzed by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The results showed SiO2spheres with the particle size approximately 100–120 nm, and a uniform layer of CeO2nanoparticles with a diameter of about 5–7 nm that were fully composite to the surfaces of SiO2. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technique was carried out in order to characterize the change in valence state and composite characteristic by shifted peaks of binding energies. The photocatalytic activity was studied through the degradation of Rhodamine B in aqueous solution under visible light exposure. The highest photocatalytic efficiency of CeO2/SiO2composite was also obtained. To explain the high photocatalytic efficiency of CeO2/SiO2composite, the proposed mechanism involves the high surface properties of the CeO2/SiO2composite, as measured by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method.
ISSN: 01694332
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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