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Title: Reactive blending of thermoplastic starch and polyethylene-graft-maleic anhydride with chitosan as compatibilizer
Authors: Kittisak Jantanasakulwong
Noppol Leksawasdi
Phisit Seesuriyachan
Somchai Wongsuriyasak
Charin Techapun
Toshiaki Ougizawa
Keywords: Chemistry
Materials Science
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2016
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd Cassava starch was melt-blended with glycerol (70/30 wt%/wt%) at 140 °C to prepare thermoplastic starch (TPS). Chitosan (CTS) was premixed with starch and glycerol, in acidified water (lactic acid 2 wt%), at 1, 5 and 10 wt%/wt%. TPS/CTS was then melt-blended (160 °C) with polyethylene-graft-maleic anhydride (PE-MAH). Phase determination and scanning electron microscopy indicated TPS/PE-MAH/CTS had a co-continuous morphology and CTS-induced phase inversion to give dispersed PE-MAH particles in a TPS matrix. Tensile strength at break and elongation, melt viscosity, fracture toughness and water contact angle of TPS/PE-MAH were improved by CTS incorporation. TPS/PE-MAH/CTS blends decreased the melting temperature of TPS and PE-MAH compared to the neat polymers. FTIR confirmed a reaction had occurred between amino groups ([Formula presented]2) of CTS and the MAH groups of PE-MAH. This reaction and the enhanced miscibility between TPS and CTS improved the mechanical properties of the TPS/PE-MAH/CTS blend, particularly at 5 wt%/wt% CTS.
ISSN: 01448617
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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