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Title: Preparation and characterization of (Ba<inf>0.85</inf>Ca<inf>0.15</inf>)(Zr<inf>0.1</inf>Ti<inf>0.9</inf>)O<inf>3</inf>ceramics by a BaTiO<inf>3</inf>seed-induced method
Authors: Manlika Kamnoy
Wasuporn Hiransit
Chavalit Suksri
Piewpan Parjansri
Uraiwan Intatha
Sukum Eitssayeam
Keywords: Chemical Engineering
Materials Science
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2016
Abstract: Copyright © 2016 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved. This research studied the preparation and characterization of (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Zr0.1Ti0.9)O3(BCZT) ceramics by a seed-induced method. The seed-induced method serves as a technique using nanocrystals to induce phase formation of a perovskite structure. Firstly, we prepared the BaTiO3seeds for the BCZT ceramics by the molten salt method, and we used NaCl:KCl (1:1 by mole) eutectic mixture as the flux and calcined at 750°C. Then, we prepared BCZT ceramics by the solid state method with added content of BT. We calcined the mixed starting powders, including BT seed, at 1200°C for 2 hours and sintered at 1450°C for 4 hours. The results indicated that the BT seed showed a single perovskite phase using a low calcination temperature of 750°C. The average particle size was about 300 nm. The density and average grain size of the BCZT ceramics were 5.41-5.48 g/cm3and 7.5 to 15.4 μm, respectively. The highest values for the dielectric constant (εr) and piezoelectric constant (d33) were 10876 and 473 pC/N, respectively, for 10 mol% BT-seed-doped BCZT ceramic.
ISSN: 15334899
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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