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Title: A silicon nitride ISFET based immunosensor for Ag85B detection of tuberculosis
Authors: Pawasuth Saengdee
Woraphan Chaisriratanakul
Win Bunjongpru
Witsaroot Sripumkhai
Awirut Srisuwan
Charndet Hruanun
Amporn Poyai
Ponrut Phunpae
Supansa Pata
Wutthinan Jeamsaksiri
Watchara Kasinreak
Chamras Promptmas
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Environmental Science
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2016
Abstract: © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry. A silicon nitride Ion Sensitive Field Effect Transistor (ISFET) based immunosensor was developed as a low-cost and label-free electrical detection for the detection of antigen 85 complex B (Ag85B). The sensing membrane of the ISFET was modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) followed by glutaraldehyde (GA), yielding an aldehyde-terminated surface. This group is available for immobilization of a monoclonal antibody against a recombinant Ag85B protein (anti-Ag85B antibody). The optimal concentration for anti-Ag85B antibody immobilization onto the modified ISFET was 100 μg ml-1. This optimal condition provided the maximal binding capability and minimal non-specific background signal. The binding event between the recombinant Ag85B antigen and anti-Ag85B antibody on the ISFET surface is presented by monitoring the gate potential change at a constant drain current. The dose response for the recombinant Ag85B protein showed a linear response between 0.12 and 1 μg ml-1without significant interference from other recombinant proteins. The analytical imprecision (CV%) and accuracy of this Ag85B protein biosensor were 9.73-10.99% and 95.29%, respectively. In addition, an irrelevant antibody and other recombinant proteins were employed as a negative control to demonstrate the non-specific interaction of the antigen and antibody. The success of this immunosensor system for Ag85B protein detection facilitates the construction of a promising device which can shorten the turnaround time for the diagnosis of tuberculosis compared to a standard culture method. Furthermore, this device could also be applied for real-time growth monitoring of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a mycobacterial culture system.
ISSN: 13645528
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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