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Title: Iatrogenic lower urinary tract injury at the time of pelvic reconstructive surgery: Does previous pelvic surgery increase the risk?
Authors: Docile Saguan
Gina Northington
Orawee Chinthakanan
Catherine Hudson
Deborah Karp
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Abstract: Introduction and hypothesis: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a history of previous pelvic surgery is associated with lower urinary tract (LUT) injury at the time of pelvic reconstructive surgery (PRS). Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery from 2006 to 2011 was performed. Patients were divided into two groups: those with previous pelvic surgery and those without previous pelvic surgery. A sample size analysis was performed to determine the number needed to detect at least a 3-fold difference in the rate of LUT injury. Demographic, historical, clinical, intraoperative, and postoperative data were analyzed. Associations between LUT injury and demographics, previous pelvic surgery, or other clinical risk factors were assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: 685 women were included in the analysis: 514 (74.9 %) with and 171 (25.1 %) without prior pelvic surgery. The overall rate of LUT injury was 6 %. Of the injuries, 3.2 % were cystotomies, and 1.9 % were ureteral obstructions. Previous pelvic surgery did not significantly affect the rate of LUT injury (OR 0.76, 95%CI 0.38-1.54). A diagnosis of prolapse, concurrent hysterectomy, anterior repair, and apical repair were significantly associated with LUT injury. After controlling for age and race, a diagnosis of prolapse remained significantly associated with LUT injury (OR 3.38, 95 % CI 1.11-14.75). Conclusions: Prior pelvic surgery does not affect the rate of LUT injury in pelvic reconstructive surgery. The diagnosis of prolapse is a risk factor for LUT injury in women undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery. © 2014 The International Urogynecological Association.
ISSN: 14333023
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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