Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Identification and quantification of performance losses for PEM fuel cells as determined by selective chemisorption and ESA measurements
Authors: K. Punyawudho
N. Vorayos
Y. Zhang
S. Shimpalee
J. R. Monnier
Keywords: Energy
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 15-Jul-2014
Abstract: Membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) were fabricated using a high frequency spraying technique. Electrocatalyst powders were directly sprayed onto an electrolyte membrane by ultrasonic spraying. The weight ratios of Nafion to Pt/C were studied, and the ratio about 50-62% yields the maximum current density at the ohmic and gas diffusion region of the polarization curve. Cross sections of the MEA were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM); images from SEM indicate that the supported catalysts are arranged in a layered manner and that pores in the catalyst coated layer (CCL) are formed. TEM images show the ionomer layer exists between the reaction zone and the electrolyte membrane. The concentration of Pt surface sites in the MEA was measured by selective H2chemisorption methods at dry conditions and by cyclic voltammetry (CV) for the electrochemical reaction. The chemisorption measurements indicate that ∼52% of the active Pt surface are lost due to ionomer coverage and CV shows an additional 28% of the Pt surface are lost due to blockage by condensed water and the isolation of Pt sites from ionomer and electrical conduction. In total 80% of the Pt surface sites present on the 20 wt% Pt/C starting material are lost during preparation and at operating conditions. Thus, both mechanisms of activity loss are separately identified and quantified. © 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 03603199
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in CMUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.