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Title: Causes of first hospitalization among 1121 HIV-infected children: Comparison of the pre-Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia prophylaxis, pre-antiretroviral therapy and antiretroviral therapy periods
Authors: T. Sudjaritruk
P. Oberdorfer
T. Puthanakit
T. Sirisanthana
V. Sirisanthana
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-May-2012
Abstract: This study identified causes of first hospitalization among perinatally acquired HIV-infected children at Chiang Mai University Hospital between 1989 and 2009. Data were stratified into three seven-year time periods: pre-Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) prophylaxis, pre-antiretroviral therapy (ART) and ART period. Over the 21-year study period, 1121 children were hospitalized. The mean age at admission was 2.7 years and had become older over time. Of the 1121 hospitalization causes, 50.6% were AIDS-defining illnesses (ADIs), 48.1% were non-AIDS-defining illnesses (NADIs) and 1.3% were related to immune reconstitution syndrome. Types of ADIs changed over time: PJP and recurrent Salmonella septicaemia decreased, while mycobacterial infection and systemic fungal infection increased. For NADIs, bacterial infections, viral infections and gastrointestinal problems decreased, but haematological problems increased in the third period. Decline in the number of hospitalizations and mortality rate, increase in the mean age of hospitalized children, change in the distribution of specific illnesses and appearance of immune reconstitution syndrome were observed in the ART period.
ISSN: 09564624
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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