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|Title:||Post-treatment by sodium silicate after zinc phosphating on cold-rolled steel|
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
Physics and Astronomy
|Abstract:||Post-treatment by sodium silicate after zinc phosphating on cold-rolled steel was studied. The steel substrates were firstly phosphated in a zinc-phosphating bath containing ZnO, NaF, H 3PO 4 and Ni(NO 3) 2 6H 2O under controlled conditions. Post-treatment by sodium silicate was consequently performed by varying the sodium silicate concentration and immersing time in the range of 33.3-100 wt% and 1-10 minutes, respectively. The coating layers before and after post-treatment were characterised by X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis. The phosphated layer was formed to be mainly hopeite and a minority of phosphophyllite, whereas the coating after post-treatment is mainly amorphous sodium silicate. The optimum post-treatment condition was using the 33.3 wt% sodium silicate solution at 5 minutes immersing time, by which an increase in corrosion resistance can be adequately obtained after post-treatment.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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