Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/5044
Title: Microcystins in cyanobacterial blooms from two freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) ponds in Northern Thailand
Authors: Prommana R.
Peerapornpisal Y.
Whangchai N.
Morrison L.F.
Metcalf J.S.
Ruangyuttikarn W.
Towprom A.
Codd G.A.
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: The presence of cyanobacterially-produced microcystins (cyclic peptide hepatotoxins) was determined by analysis of Microcystis spp. in scum and water samples collected from a surface cyanobacterial bloom at a giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) farm in Teung District, Chiang Rai Province, in northern Thailand during March to August 2004. M. aeruginosa and M. wesenbergii were the dominant species of cyanobacteria at concentrations between 850,000±190,000 and 302,000±73,000 colonies l-1. Microcystins were present at 0.44±0.020 g kg-1 dry weight with microcystin-LR and microcystin-RR as the dominant microcystin types, accounting for 45% and 48% of the total microcystins detected, respectively. Microcystins in pond water were present at between 2.2±3.0 μg l-1 and 9.4±2.0 μg l-1. Total microcystin concentrations in water seemed to be positively correlated with the number of Microcystis colonies. A decrease of microcystins in water was observed from April to August 2004, which may have resulted from removal by mechanisms not examined in this study. The total microcystin in water was slightly negatively correlated with total culturable bacteria numbers. Microcystis spp. colony number showed a significant negative correlation with soluble reactive phosphorus (r = -0.98, p<0.05). Nitrate-N, ammonium-N and soluble reactive phosphorus concentrations were between 1.2-1.9, 0.85-1.15 and 0.9-1.1 mg l-1, respectively. Phosphorus concentrations were higher than the permitted limit for waste water from a fishery farm (less than 0.4 mg l-1). This study suggested that surface blooms of Microcystis species in cultivation ponds may present a risk for microcystin bioaccumulation in prawns, either directly or via other organisms in the food web.
URI: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-33846364575&partnerID=40&md5=fb05a2dd17f35e6b518f1bf3bb4d9ab7
http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/handle/6653943832/5044
ISSN: 15131874
Appears in Collections:SCIENCE: Journal Articles

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