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Title: Class 1 integrons and virulence genes in Salmonella enterica isolates from pork and humans
Authors: Wechsiri Wannaprasat
Pawin Padungtod
Rungtip Chuanchuen
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-May-2011
Abstract: In this study, 183 Salmonella enterica isolates were characterised for integrons and virulence genes. Among the isolates, 46% were positive for intI1, but no isolates carried intI2 or intI3. Eighteen class 1 integrons (21%) contained resistance gene cassettes (i.e. dfrA1-orfC, dfrA12-aadA2, blaPSE-1and aadA2) and five class 1 integrons with the dfrA12-aadA2 array were conjugally transferable. Two Salmonella pork isolates of serotypes Albany and Kedougou possessed Salmonella genomic island 1 variants SGI1-G and SGI1-F, respectively. Four class 1 integrons contained an atypical 3′-CS linked to the qacH-sul3 domain, and three were not a sul type. Two novel GyrA mutations (Pro-45→Ser and Met-48→Ile) and three novel ParC mutations (Ser-5→Arg, Thr-31→Met and Leu-77→Arg) were identified in ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates. At least 90% of the Salmonella isolates contained pagC, prgH, sitC, sipB or spaN, whereas all isolates harboured invA, msgA, spiA and tolC. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 09248579
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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